The construction of tunnels using conventional construction methods has always been a challenge to every engineer. Here, the engineer’s most important task is the evaluation of the geology and the selection of the right means of securing the excavation face until final completion of the inner lining. Wayss & Freytag already rose to this challenge in 1905 when building a railway tunnel using the conventional tunnelling method in Wasserburg/Inn in gompholite (Nagelfluh) and gravel.
The range of conventional tunnelling reaches from soft rock tunnelling (e. g. a metro tunnel in Munich gravel) and tunnelling in compressed air (e. g. Ostbahnhof metro station in Munich in Tertiary formations below groundwater) to classic drill and blast drives (e. g. Rennsteig Tunnel on the A 71 motorway, which, with a length of 8 km, is the longest motorway tunnel in Germany).
New U-railway line in the center of Dortmund will replace the existing overground running tram.
The longest motorway tunnel in Germany is the centrepiece of the new A 71 federal motorway from Erfurt to Schweinfurt.
The Roppen tunnel between Innsbruck and Landeck in Austria was made safer by the construction of the second tube. The 5,069 meter long tunnel was driven conventionally.
A double-lane motorway tunnel with a length of approx. 3 km forms part of the new motorway section of ‚Route du Nord' in the biggest infrastructure project in Luxembourg. The two tubes were carried out with an incline of nearly 5%.