The construction of tunnels using conventional construction methods has always been a challenge to every engineer. Here, the engineer’s most important task is the evaluation of the geology and the selection of the right means of securing the excavation face until final completion of the inner lining. Wayss & Freytag already rose to this challenge in 1905 when building a railway tunnel using the conventional tunnelling method in Wasserburg/Inn in gompholite (Nagelfluh) and gravel.
The range of conventional tunnelling reaches from soft rock tunnelling (e. g. a metro tunnel in Munich gravel) and tunnelling in compressed air (e. g. Ostbahnhof metro station in Munich in Tertiary formations below groundwater) to classic drill and blast drives (e. g. Rennsteig Tunnel on the A 71 motorway, which, with a length of 8 km, is the longest motorway tunnel in Germany).
A double-lane motorway tunnel with a length of approx. 3 km forms part of the new motorway section of ‚Route du Nord' in the biggest infrastructure project in Luxembourg. The two tubes were carried out with an incline of nearly 5%.
The Henndorf bypass lead to a noticeable relief of traffic congestion. Centrepiece of the bypass is the double lane 2,150 meters long road tunnel, which is now used by approx. 20,000 vehicles per day.
While investigating on the trail of the beginnings of the universe – in the nuclear research centre CERN the quarks go to the racecourse. The tunnels and caverns for the biggest machine in the world were built by Wayss & Freytag Ingenieurbau.
The double-lane road tunnel is the centrepiece of the Völkermarkt bypass. The town centre is relieved from heavy traffic which in turn means a better quality of life for the population.